Introduction to HTML.
What is HTML?
HTML is a widely used hypertext markup language for creating websites. Since 1993, HTML has been the accepted markup language for both simple and complex website sites. The majority of current online pages and website content are built on HTML, which gives the numerous web elements and objects on a website web page structure and semantic meaning. A web developer can use the system of tags and attributes in HTML to specify the structure of a desired webpage. Any current web browser can simply format and display web pages made in HTML.
You will find some key information regarding HTML web development markup language here.
- Markup Language – HTML markup language uses a set of tags to identify different web components on a webpage. The various html elements required to determine the structure and content of each web page are encased in left- and right-angle brackets (>).
- Hypertext – You may construct new hypertext documents for your website using the HTML markup language, thus your built web page can have many linkages to other web pages. Which use links inside the same website to connect websites generated on one website to webpages created on another. The World Wide Web’s hyperlink navigation connections connect every website’s webpage to every other webpage.
- Structure − HTML offers a mechanism for web designers to organize the different html web content on a webpage. Web pages, website titles, different paragraphs on web pages, list items on web pages, tabular data, and information, contact forms and other forms, images, animations, and more are all included in this. The HTML language is used to define each of these items. All of these items may be formatted or shown in the web page using HTML.
- Semantic markup – HTML tags are made to provide the content of web pages a semantic meaning. For instance, using <h1> tags for headings on web pages and <p> tags for paragraphs not only manages visual display but also communicates the hierarchy and relevance of the material to supporting technologies and search engines.
- Platform Independence – Because HTML is totally platform-independent, it can be rendered and shown uniformly across a wide range of current modern web browsers and computer operating systems.
- Version history – Since its inception, HTML has undergone several changes. The most recent major version of HTML, HTML5.2, offers numerous new features and semantic aspects that will improve web development. This also fully supports multimedia components like audio and video on every web page.
HTML history and versions
The history of development of the web design language HTML (Hypertext Markup Language) is lengthy and comprehensive. The current HTML version has undergone several updates and changes throughout time. Many new features and enhancements have been introduced to each HTML version to meet the demands of modern web development.
The history of the HTML web development language is briefly described below, including its early years and key iterations.
- HTML 1.0 – Tim Berners-Lee, the creator of the World Wide Web, developed HTML 1.0 in 1993. This was HTML’s initial published version. It was a very basic markup language for web page design. It was created with the intention of linking simple text-based web pages together and structuring content on them.
- HTML 2.0 — In 1995, the HTML 2.0 version was released. Compared to the earlier HTML 2.1 version, HTML 2.0 added several fundamental components and functionalities to web pages. Which HTML presently uses. Examples include the usage of HTML tables, the support for graphics, blocks, and photos in contact and other forms, or subscription forms.
- HTML 3.2 – The 1997 saw the release of HTML 3.2. HTML 2.0’s features had been more fully developed in HTML 3.2. This involved the addition of contemporary web elements like frames to produce intricate website layouts.
- XHTML (Extensible Hypertext Markup Language) – Introduced as a development over HTML, XHTML was designed to be used in XML applications. Whereas the primary goal of the XHTML version was to improve and simplify compatibility between the HTML markup language and XML standards. The XHTML markup language had two main iterations at the time. Which had two significant iterations: XHTML 1.0 (2000) and XHTML 1.1 (2001).
- HTML5 (2014) – The HTML5 version was formally introduced in 2014. HTML5 is a significantly upgraded version of HTML4 that offers additional capabilities for greater online creation, including tags, objects, 3D objects, animated objects, more graphical website construction, multimedia websites, and a whole rewrite of audio and video. Has been put into motion. Several new html semantic elements/tags have been introduced, such as <footer> info copyright text and website <nav> navigation. Notable features of the HTML5 version include native support for video and audio in simple websites, the <canvas> element for drawing graphics design, the <svg> element for website scalable vector icons and graphics, and the webpage header> menu element.
- HTML Living Standard – Unlike earlier iterations, HTML5 was created as a “living standard” version, which means it is regularly updated and revised to meet new requirements. Is.
- HTML5.1, HTML5.2, and subsequent versions – The HTML standard is still being updated after HTML5. In 2016, the HTML5.1 version was made available, then in 2017, the HTML5.2 version.
How the web works
The World Wide Web is also known as the Internet, the Web, or WAN (Wide Area Network). Which is a sophisticated framework or system of locally or globally linked computers and servers. It makes it possible for a web client or web developer to exchange and retrieve data in the form of web pages, documents, multimedia, and other online resources from their web browser.
Briefly describe the operation of the World Wide Web or the Internet.
- Web Servers – Web servers are a special type of powerful computer server or software program. Depending on the requested information or search terms in search engines, local or international Web clients can use World Wide Web systems to store and serve Web material to users. The World Wide online has millions and billions of websites and online applications, which are hosted by these web servers. Depending on their demands, web clients can access, read, upload, and download these web data and resources via their smartphones, laptops, and desktop computers linked to broadband networks. Here, prominent web server programs include Microsoft Internet Information Services (IIS), Nginx, and Apache.
- Domain name – Each website housed on the Internet or the World Wide Web has a distinctive domain name. Comparable to (www.mitacademys.com). Website domain names are character or alphabetic addresses that are readily accessible by humans. Which matches the IP (Internet Protocol) address of the web server that hosts the website. A global online web directory is the Domain Name System (DNS). It converts domain names entered using the alphabet into IP addresses that web clients utilize in their web browser address bars. It enables web browsers to find the proper web server. Additionally, the client web browser shows the requested web domain.
- HTTP/HTTPS — The Hypertext Transfer Protocol (HTTP), a well-known Internet protocol, serves as the foundation of online communication. It specifies how online web servers respond to client web servers and how web clients (web browsers) submit requests for resources or searches. Commonly used to identify or stop insecure connections is the HTTP protocol. Additionally, http protocol is not currently in use. New web browsers as of right now do not support it. All current web browsers encrypt data transfer through HTTPS (HTTPS), which is a more secure protocol. Because of this, user privacy and security when communicating with websites are now better guaranteed.
- HTML and markup – HTML (Hypertext Markup Language) is used to construct or write any webpage, regardless of size. HTML is a markup language that enables a web developer to arrange page components in whatever way they see fit. Website headers, paragraphs, links, photos, tables, forms, lists, frames, and many more new capabilities are all included in the HTML development language. Online developers use HTML markup language to organize online material and design website page layout anywhere on the World Wide Web.
- CSS (Cascading Style Sheets) — CSS is used to control how current, plain-looking web pages or online content is presented visually and how it is set up. The styling of HTML components in your current uninteresting or less commercial web page is defined by CSS. In your current web page, CSS is utilized to describe elements like color, typeface, spacing, padding, margins, and object position. By separating the presentation from the information, CSS enables you to change the complete website’s appearance at once.